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Multilayered perspectives on language policy in higher education: Finland, Estonia, and Latvia in comparison
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2813-0101
2017 (English)In: Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, ISSN 0143-4632, E-ISSN 1747-7557, Vol. 38, no 4, 301-314 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses language policies in higher education (HE) in Finland, Estonia, and Latvia, as well as the European Union (EU). We take a multilayered approach to language policies in order to illuminate the intertwined nature of local, national, and international language policies in HE. We are particularly interested in the construction of national language(s) and the language(s) of internationalisation in our case countries. Finland, Estonia, and Latvia share common features as relatively small non-Anglophone countries in the Baltic region, while simultaneously having somewhat differing political and cultural histories. The results of our discursive analysis indicate that while the three countries have relatively different national language policies, regarding, for example, the position of the national language(s), the institutional policies are more similar in the three cases. For universities, the positioning of English as the de facto language of internationalisation turns the ideology of language choice in HE into a practical rather than political question. However, at the state level, the promotion of English runs contrary to national policies. The EU HE language policy seems to acknowledge the institutional level’s practical demands of English as de facto language of internationalisation rather than follow its own formal language policy of official languages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 38, no 4, 301-314 p.
Keyword [en]
Higher education, internationalisation, language policy, multilayered policy
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-139787DOI: 10.1080/01434632.2016.1198356ISI: 000403942600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-139787DiVA: diva2:1074034
Available from: 2017-02-14 Created: 2017-02-14 Last updated: 2017-07-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf