Classically, any structure for a signature Σ may be completed to a model of a desired regular theory T by means of the chase construction or small object argument. Moreover, this exhibits Mod(T) as weakly reflective in Str(Σ).
We investigate this in the constructive setting. The basic construction is unproblematic, however, it is no longer a weak reflection. Indeed, we show that various reflection principles for models of regular theories are equivalent to choice principles in the ambient set theory. However, the embedding of a structure into its chase-completion still satisfies a conservativity property, which suffices for applications such as the completeness of regular logic with respect to Tarski (i.e. set) models.
Unlike most constructive developments of predicate logic, we do not assume that equality between symbols in the signature is decidable. While in this setting, we also give a version of one classical lemma which is trivial over discrete signatures but more interesting here: the abstraction of constants in a proof to variables.