Profiling Indo-Aryan in the Hindukush-Karakoram: A preliminary study of micro-typological patterns
2017 (English)In: Journal of South Asian languages and linguistics, ISSN 0218-9593, E-ISSN 2196-078X, Vol. 4, no 1, 107-156 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The study is a typological profile of 31 Indo-Aryan (IA) languages in the Hindukush-Karakoram-Western Himalayan region (covering NE Afghanistan, N Pakistan, and parts of Kashmir). Native speakers were recruited to provide comparative data. This data, supplemented by reputable descriptions or field notes, was evaluated against a number of WALS- or WALS-like features, enabling a fine-tuned characterization of each language, taking different lin-guistic domains into account (phonology, morphology, syntax, lexicon). The emerging patterns were compared with global distributions as well as with characteristic IA features and well-known areal patterns. Some features, mainly syntactic, turned out to be shared with IA in general, whereas others do have scattered reflexes in IA outside of the region but are especially prevalent in the region: large consonant inventories, tripartite pronominal case alignment, a high frequency of left-branching constructions, and multi-degree deictic sys-tems. Yet other features display a high degree of diversity, often bundling subareally. Finally, there was a significant clustering of features that are not characterizing IA in general: tripartite affricate differentiation, retroflexion across several subsets, aspiration contrasts involving voiceless consonants only, tonal contrasts and 20-based numerals. This clustering forms a “hard core” at the centre of the region, gradually fading out toward its peripheries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 4, no 1, 107-156 p.
Indo-Aryan, Dardic, Hindukush-Karakoram, typology
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-140161DOI: 10.1515/jsall-2017-0004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-140161DiVA: diva2:1078125
ProjectsLanguage contact and relatedness in the Hindukush region
FunderSwedish Research Council, 421-2014-631