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Are mothers of young children more likely to be self-employed? The case of Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2017 (English)In: Review of Economics of the Household, ISSN 1569-5239, E-ISSN 1573-7152, Vol. 15, no 1, 307-333 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous studies, mostly from Anglo-Saxon countries, find a positive correlation between the presence of young children in the household and self-employment probabilities among women. This has been seen as an indication of women with young children choosing self-employment as a way of balancing work and family commitments. This paper studies the relationship between children and female self-employment in a country with family friendly policies and a generous welfare system: Sweden. The initial hypothesis is that we will not find evidence of a positive effect of children on self-employment among Swedish women since there are other institutions in place aiming at facilitating the combination of work and family. Using Swedish register data for the period 2004-2008 we do, however, find that the presence of young children increases the probability of choosing self-employment also among Swedish women. The effect is strongest for women with very young children, 0-3 years of age. These results also hold in a panel data model that takes individual unobserved heterogeneity into account. We also analyze time-use data and find, contrary to what has been found in many other countries, that self-employed women spend more, or as much, time on market work than wage-earning women. This raises doubts about whether women in Sweden chose self-employment as a way of balancing work and family commitments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 15, no 1, 307-333 p.
Keyword [en]
Self-employment, Fertility, Work, Family
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-140326DOI: 10.1007/s11150-016-9349-6ISI: 000394991400014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-140326DiVA: diva2:1078715
Available from: 2017-03-06 Created: 2017-03-06 Last updated: 2017-05-02Bibliographically approved

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Andersson Joona, Pernilla
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
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Output format
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