Rainfall regimes of the Green Sahara
Number of Authors: 3
2017 (English)In: Science Advances, ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 3, no 1, e1601503Article in journal (Refereed) Published
During the Green Sahara period (11,000 to 5000 years before the present), the Sahara desert received high amounts of rainfall, supporting diverse vegetation, permanent lakes, and human populations. Our knowledge of rainfall rates and the spatiotemporal extent of wet conditions has suffered from a lack of continuous sedimentary records. We present a quantitative reconstruction of western Saharan precipitation derived from leaf wax isotopes in marine sediments. Our data indicate that the Green Sahara extended to 31 degrees N and likely ended abruptly. We find evidence for a prolonged pause in Green Sahara conditions 8000 years ago, coincident with a temporary abandonment of occupational sites by Neolithic humans. The rainfall rates inferred from our data are best explained by strong vegetation and dust feedbacks; without these mechanisms, climate models systematically fail to reproduce the Green Sahara. This study suggests that accurate simulations of future climate change in the Sahara and Sahel will require improvements in our ability to simulate vegetation and dust feedbacks.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 3, no 1, e1601503
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-140240DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1601503ISI: 000393789900017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-140240DiVA: diva2:1078804