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Subsurface Oxygen in Oxide-Derived Copper Electrocatalysts for Carbon Dioxide Reduction
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, United States; Stanford University, United States.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, United States; Stanford University, United States.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, United States; Stanford University, United States.
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Number of Authors: 11
2017 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, ISSN 1948-7185, E-ISSN 1948-7185, Vol. 8, no 1, 285-290 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Copper electrocatalysts derived from an oxide have shown extraordinary electrochemical properties for the carbon dioxide reduction reaction (CO2RR). Using in situ ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and quasi in situ electron energy loss spectroscopy in a transmission electron microscope, we show that there is a substantial amount of residual oxygen in nanostructured, oxide-derived copper electrocatalysts but no residual copper oxide. On the basis of these findings in combination with density functional theory simulations, we propose that residual subsurface oxygen changes the electronic structure of the catalyst and creates sites with higher carbon monoxide binding energy. If such sites are stable under the strongly reducing conditions found in CO2RR, these findings would explain the high efficiencies of oxide-derived copper in reducing carbon dioxide to multicarbon compounds such as ethylene.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 8, no 1, 285-290 p.
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Physical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-140338DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b02273ISI: 000391653200042PubMedID: 27983864OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-140338DiVA: diva2:1078946
Available from: 2017-03-07 Created: 2017-03-07 Last updated: 2017-03-07Bibliographically approved

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