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The Long-Term Cognitive and Socioeconomic Consequences of Birth Intervals: A Within-Family Sibling Comparison Using Swedish Register Data
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. London School of Economics and Political Science, UK; Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Germany.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution. Institute for Futures Studies, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7175-4040
2017 (English)In: Demography, ISSN 0070-3370, E-ISSN 1533-7790, Vol. 54, no 2, 459-484 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examine the relationship between birth-to-birth intervals and a variety of mid- and long-term cognitive and socioeconomic outcomes, including high school GPA, cognitive ability, educational attainment, earnings, unemployment status, and receiving government welfare support. Using contemporary Swedish population register data and a within-family sibling comparison design, we find that neither the birth interval preceding the index person nor the birth interval following the index person are associated with any substantively meaningful changes in mid- or long-term outcomes. This is true even for individuals born before or after birth-to-birth intervals of less than 12 months. We conclude that in a contemporary high-income welfare state, there appears to be no relationship between unusually short or long birth intervals and adverse long-term outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 54, no 2, 459-484 p.
Keyword [en]
Birth intervals, Cognitive ability, Socioeconomic attainment, Population register data, Sweden
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-140424DOI: 10.1007/s13524-017-0550-xISI: 000399000800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-140424DiVA: diva2:1078960
Funder
Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2017-03-07 Created: 2017-03-07 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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