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Dynamical proxies of North Atlantic predictability and extremes
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Number of Authors: 3
2017 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, 41278Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Atmospheric flows are characterized by chaotic dynamics and recurring large-scale patterns. These two characteristics point to the existence of an atmospheric attractor defined by Lorenz as: the collection of all states that the system can assume or approach again and again, as opposed to those that it will ultimately avoid. The average dimension D of the attractor corresponds to the number of degrees of freedom sufficient to describe the atmospheric circulation. However, obtaining reliable estimates of D has proved challenging. Moreover, D does not provide information on transient atmospheric motions, such as those leading to weather extremes. Using recent developments in dynamical systems theory, we show that such motions can be classified through instantaneous rather than average properties of the attractor. The instantaneous properties are uniquely determined by instantaneous dimension and stability. Their extreme values correspond to specific atmospheric patterns, and match extreme weather occurrences. We further show the existence of a significant correlation between the time series of instantaneous stability and dimension and the mean spread of sea-level pressure fields in an operational ensemble weather forecast at lead times of over two weeks. Instantaneous properties of the attractor therefore provide an efficient way of evaluating and informing operational weather forecasts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 7, 41278
National Category
Other Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-140314DOI: 10.1038/srep41278ISI: 000392648600001PubMedID: 28120899OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-140314DiVA: diva2:1079489
Available from: 2017-03-08 Created: 2017-03-08 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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