Governance and management dynamics of landscape restoration at multiple scales: Learning from successful environmental managers in Sweden
2017 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 197, 24-40 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Due to a long history of intensive land and water use, habitat networks for biodiversity conservation are generally degraded in Sweden. Landscape restoration (LR) is an important strategy for achieving representative and functional green infrastructures. However, outcomes of LR efforts are poorly studied, particularly the dynamics of LR governance and management. We apply systems thinking methods to a series of LR case studies to analyse the causal structures underlying LR governance and management in Sweden. We show that these structures appear to comprise of an interlinked system of at least three sets of drivers and four core processes. This system exhibits many characteristics of a transformative change towards an integrated, adaptive approach to governance and management. Key challenges for Swedish LR projects relate to institutional and regulatory flexibility, the timely availability of sufficient funds, and the management of learning and knowledge production processes. In response, successful project leaders develop several key strategies to manage complexity and risk, and enhance perceptions of the attractiveness of LR projects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 197, 24-40 p.
Landscape restoration; Environmental system dynamics; Integrated adaptive governance & management; Causal loop modelling; Green infrastructure
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject Sustainability Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-140797DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.03.019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-140797DiVA: diva2:1082507
ProjectsThis study was funded by a Swedish research council FORMAS strong research environment grant “Green infrastructures for ecological sustainability and human well-being: a network of forest, rural and urban landscapes as laboratories for integrative research” [grant number 2011-1737] to Per Angelstam, and by the Swedish Institute's funding mechanism for developing thematic partnerships in the Baltic Sea Region concerning spatial planning for green infrastructure [grant number 10976/2013] to Marine Elbakidze.