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Gender, Parenthood and Wage Differences: The Importance of Time-Consuming Job Characteristics
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2017 (English)In: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 131, no 2, 797-816 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using data from the Swedish Level of Living Survey (2000, 2010), we investigate how the gender wage gap varies with occupational prestige and family status and also examine the extent to which this gap is explained by time-consuming working conditions. In addition, we investigate whether there is an association between parenthood, job characteristics and wage (as differentiated by gender). The analyses indicate that there are gender differences regarding prestige-based pay-offs among parents that are partly explained by fathers' greater access to employment characterized by time-consuming conditions. Separate analyses for men and women demonstrate the presence of a marriage wage premium for both genders, although only men have a parenthood wage premium. This fatherhood premium is however only present in high-prestigious occupations. Compared with childless men, fathers are also more advantaged in terms of access to jobs with time-consuming working conditions, but the wage gap between fathers and childless men is not explained by differences in access to such working conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 131, no 2, 797-816 p.
Keyword [en]
Gender inequality, Wages, Occupational prestige, Fatherhood premium, Job characteristics
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-140852DOI: 10.1007/s11205-016-1271-zISI: 000398056100017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-140852DiVA: diva2:1083009
Available from: 2017-03-20 Created: 2017-03-20 Last updated: 2017-05-02Bibliographically approved

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Magnusson, CharlottaNermo, Magnus
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