Social influences on dissonance reduction in medical decision making
2016 (English)In: Book of abstracts, Kraków: Centre for Social Cognitive Studies , 2016, 28-28 p.Conference paper, Abstract (Other academic)
Two studies investigated social influences on dissonance reduction in medical decision making. Study 1 compared decision-consistent biases when individuals freely made-, or when another person made the decision. Participants read a scenario in which one of two patients should be prioritized for surgery. Facts about the patients were given on counter-balanced scales. Participants decided themselves whom to prioritize, or were told that a physician made the decision, and then reproduced the facts from memory. When choosing freely, participants distorted memories of facts to become more supportive of the choice. This effect was evident, albeit reduced, when the decision was made by a physician.
Study 2 investigated majority/minority feedback effects on dissonance reduction for decisions concerning ingroup or outgroup members. Swedish participants decided whether a physician should comply or not to the request of a terminally ill patient, with a Swedish or a Turkish name, who asked for help to commit suicide. After making their decision, participants were informed that a majority or a minority had chosen the same alternative. Decisions about an in-group member were consolidated more if participants received minority, than majority feedback. This reversed for decisions on out-group member. Results suggest important social moderators of dissonance reduction strategies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kraków: Centre for Social Cognitive Studies , 2016. 28-28 p.
social influences, dissonance reduction, medical decision making
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-141012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-141012DiVA: diva2:1085209
Kraków Small Group Meeting on Cognitive Consistency, Krakow, Poland, May 20-22, 2016.