Early steps for successful management in small-scale fisheries: An analysis of fishers', managers' and scientists' opinions preceding implementation
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The chances of fisheries management to achieve positive outcomes increase when fishers and managers agree on the need for management, share preferences for certain management strategies and cooperate on their implementation. This study analyzes fishers’, managers’ and scientists’ opinions on different management measures for seagrass-associated small-scale fisheries in Zanzibar, Tanzania. Areas of agreements as well as disagreements were analyzed to identify common ground and facilitate the initiation of management processes towards more sustainable fisheries. The findings show that most fishers and managers agreed on the need to include seagrasses specifically in future management. There was further agreement on dragnets being the most destructive gears, as well as the use of dragnets being a major threat to local seagrass ecosystems. Gear restrictions excluding illegal dragnets were the favored management measure among all fishers (with fewer dragnet fishers supporting them compared to trap fishers); a result predicted by half of the managers, while the majority of managers advocated the use of temporary closures. Differences between fishers and managers were found concerning seaweed farming, eutrophication and erosion being potential threats to seagrass meadows. Finally, a majority of all fishers were willing to participate in monitoring and controls, and most fishers thought that they themselves and their communities would benefit the most from establishing seagrass management. The results of this study show that co-managed gear restrictions and the inclusion of different key actos in the management process including enforcement are promising starting points for the implementation of management for more sustainable small-scale seagrass fisheries in Zanzibar.
heterogeneity, small-scale fisheries, co-management, environmental governance, seagrass meadows, social-ecological, seascape, gear restrictions
Research subject Marine Ecotoxicology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-141048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-141048DiVA: diva2:1085462