Zirconia ceramics in metal-free implant dentistry
Number of Authors: 3
2017 (English)In: Advances in Applied Ceramics: Structural, Functional and Bioceramics, ISSN 1743-6753, E-ISSN 1743-6761, Vol. 116, no 3, 138-150 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Because of their outstanding mechanical properties, chemical stability, and biocompatibility, 3-mol % yttria-stabilised tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (3Y-TZP), known as zirconia ceramics in dentistry, are an important choice for various types of prosthesis. In addition to extensive use for crown and bridge construction, considerable interest has been generated for applications in implant dentistry, including full-contour zirconia crowns as supra-constructions, zirconia abutments, and novel zirconia implants. However, their use among dentist and researchers is controversial, especially compared with the well-established implants made of titanium alloys. As a latecomer, the merits and limitations of 3Y-TZP are awaiting careful investigation. Design, manufacturing, and clinical operation guidelines are urgently needed. The aim of this review was to address the present status of the application of zirconia ceramics related to implant dentistry by analysing the published data from both in vitro and in vivo studies. Suggestions are provided for potential improvements and suitable applications of zirconia ceramics in metal-free implant dentistry.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 116, no 3, 138-150 p.
Ceramics, dental implants, dent mater, Y-TZP, zirconia
Materials Engineering Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-141284DOI: 10.1080/17436753.2016.1264537ISI: 000396026400003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-141284DiVA: diva2:1086897