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A Cupópia do Cafundó: uma análise morfossintática
Högskolan Dalarna.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4223-6084
2018 (Portuguese)In: Revista de Estudos da Linguagem, ISSN 0104-0588, E-ISSN 223720183, Vol. 26, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Abstract [en]

The present study analyzes the speech of the Afro-Brazilian rural community of Cafundó, located 150 km from São Paulo. Between 1978 and 1988, when the analyzed data were collected, the community had a population of 80 people, descendants of two former slaves, who were sisters and inherited the lands of their owner. In a book published in 1996, Carlos Vogt and Peter Fry (with the collaboration of Robert Slenes) argue that the variety denominated Cupópia presents structures of regional Portuguese, and that part of the vocabulary is of Bantu origin. The present paper focuses on morphosintactic aspects and discusses copulaomission, the use of copula instead of the possessive verb, unexpected word order in Portuguese, nouns without determinant in subject position, the use of definite articles in prepositional prepositional phrases functioning as adjectival locutions, as well as the variable agreement in the noun phrases and the agreement between the subject and the verb. The results indicate that the grammatical features of Cupopia do not fully coincide with those observed in the Portuguese spoken by the same individuals, but are shared with more restructured linguistic varieties than the ones spoken in rural areas of the interior of the State of São Paulo.

Abstract [pt]

O presente estudo analisa a fala da comunidade rural afro-brasileira do Cafundó, situada a 150 km da cidade de São Paulo. Entre 1978 e 1988, período em que os dados aqui analisados foram coletados, a comunidade contava com carca de 80 pessoas, descendentes de duas ex escravas, irmãs, que herdaram as terras do seu dono. O livro publicado em 1996 por Carlos Vogt e Peter Fry (com a colaboração de Robert Slenes) defende que a variedade denominada Cupópia apresenta estruturas do Português regional e que parte do vocabulário é de origem Bantu. A análise morfossintática discute os casos de a ausência de cópula, o uso da cópula em lugar do verbo possessivo, a ordem das palavras incomum no português, os substantivos sem determinante na posição de sujeito, o uso de artigos definidos em SNs preposicionais que correspondem a locuções adjetivas, bem como a concordância variável no SN e a concordância entre o sujeito e o verbo. Os resultados indicam que as características gramaticais da Cupópia não coincidem totalmente com os traços registrados no Português falado pelos mesmos indivíduos, mas que são compartilhadas com variedades linguísticas mais restruturadas do que o Português falado em zonas rurais do interior do Estado de São Paulo. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 26, no 1
Keyword [en]
Portuguese, Cupópia, Cafundó, Afro-Brazilian, symbiotic mixed language
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Linguistics; Portuguese
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-141530OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-141530DiVA: diva2:1087162
Funder
The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT)
Available from: 2017-04-06 Created: 2017-04-06 Last updated: 2017-04-06

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CiteExportLink to record
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