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Prosperity Buddhism in Burma/Myanmar: Capitalism and Protecting Buddhism
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, History of Religions.
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Following the global spread of capitalism in the early 1990s and an increasing impact of globalization, novel kinds of prosperity religions have emerged in Southeast Asia, including Burma/Myanmar. In the latter, it has entailed a gradual transformation of the religious field, with new movements, material infrastructure, rituals and imaginary. After the collapse of the socialist planned economy of General Ne Win’s government, SLORC-SPDC, another military government, seized power in 1988, which implemented modernization programs and a limited market economic system. In interplay with increasing globalization and the gradual development of a capitalist system in the 1990s, a number of “Buddhist” prosperity cults have emerged in Burma/Myanmar and have mushroomed quite recently, especially since 2011, at which time a semi-democratic government replaced the military dictatorship and has implemented a further liberalization of the economy. This paper will demonstrate that a variety of changes in the field of religion in Burma have occurred in interplay with the aforementioned social, economic and political transformations, and will especially focus on a novel kind of possession rituals, in which devotees engage to become successful in business and the like. Moreover, this paper will argue that such phenomena –prosperity religion/Buddhism –can be more conservative than what has otherwise been assumed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
National Category
History of Religions
Research subject
History of Religion
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-141812OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-141812DiVA, id: diva2:1089106
Conference
EASR 2016 Conference: Relocating Religion, Helsinki, Finland, june 28 – july 1, 2016
Projects
Vetenskapsrådet, projektnr: 421-2012-1172Akademiforskare, Kungl. Vitterhetsakademien
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 421-2012-1172The Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities (KVHAA), AkademiforskareAvailable from: 2017-04-18 Created: 2017-04-18 Last updated: 2017-05-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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