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Soil moisture redistribution and its effect on inter-annual active layer temperature and thickness variations in a dry loess terrace in Adventdalen, Svalbard
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
Number of Authors: 3
2017 (English)In: The Cryosphere, ISSN 1994-0416, E-ISSN 1994-0424, Vol. 11, no 1, 635-651 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

High-resolution field data for the period 2000-2014 consisting of active layer and permafrost temperature, active layer soil moisture, and thaw depth progression from the UNISCALM research site in Adventdalen, Svalbard, is combined with a physically based coupled cryotic and hydrogeological model to investigate active layer dynamics. The site is a loess-covered river terrace characterized by dry conditions with little to no summer infiltration and an unsaturated active layer. A range of soil moisture characteristic curves consistent with loess sediments is considered and their effects on ice and moisture redistribution, heat flux, energy storage through latent heat transfer, and active layer thickness is investigated and quantified based on hydro-climatic site conditions. Results show that soil moisture retention characteristics exhibit notable control on ice distribution and circulation within the active layer through cryosuction and are subject to seasonal variability and site-specific surface temperature variations. The retention characteristics also impact unfrozen water and ice content in the permafrost. Although these effects lead to differences in thaw progression rates, the resulting inter-annual variability in active layer thickness is not large. Field data analysis reveals that variations in summer degree days do not notably affect the active layer thaw depths; instead, a cumulative winter degree day index is found to more significantly control inter-annual active layer thickness variation at this site. A tendency of increasing winter temperatures is found to cause a general warming of the subsurface down to 10m depth (0.05 to 0.26 degrees C yr(-1), observed and modelled) including an increas-ing active layer thickness (0.8 cm yr(-1), observed and 0.3 to 0.8 cm yr(-1), modelled) during the 14-year study period.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 11, no 1, 635-651 p.
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-141229DOI: 10.5194/tc-11-635-2017ISI: 000395193800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-141229DiVA: diva2:1089300
Available from: 2017-04-19 Created: 2017-04-19 Last updated: 2017-04-19Bibliographically approved

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