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Primary Cell Culture of Live Neurosurgically Resected Aged Adult Human Brain Cells and Single Cell Transcriptomics
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Number of Authors: 23
2017 (English)In: Cell reports, ISSN 2211-1247, E-ISSN 2211-1247, Vol. 18, no 3, 791-803 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Investigation of human CNS disease and drug effects has been hampered by the lack of a system that enables single-cell analysis of live adult patient brain cells. We developed a culturing system, based on a papain-aided procedure, for resected adult human brain tissue removed during neurosurgery. We performed single-cell transcriptomics on over 300 cells, permitting identification of oligodendrocytes, microglia, neurons, endothelial cells, and astrocytes after 3 weeks in culture. Using deep sequencing, we detected over 12,000 expressed genes, including hundreds of cell-type-enriched mRNAs, IncRNAs and pri-miRNAs. We describe cell-type-and patient-specific transcriptional hierarchies. Single-cell transcriptomics on cultured live adult patient derived cells is a prime example of the promise of personalized precision medicine. Because these cells derive from subjects ranging in age into their sixties, this system permits human aging studies previously possible only in rodent systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 18, no 3, 791-803 p.
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Biological Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-141392DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.12.066ISI: 000396470600018PubMedID: 28099855OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-141392DiVA: diva2:1091341
Available from: 2017-04-26 Created: 2017-04-26 Last updated: 2017-04-26Bibliographically approved

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Bartfai, Tamas
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