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Clouds, warm air, and a climate cooling signal over the summer Arctic
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Number of Authors: 2
2017 (English)In: Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, E-ISSN 1944-8007, Vol. 44, no 2, 1095-1103 p.Article in journal, Letter (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While the atmospheric greenhouse effect always results in a warming at the surface, outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) to space always represents a cooling. During events of heat and moisture advection into the Arctic, increases in tropospheric temperature and moisture impact clouds, in turn impacting longwave (LW) radiation. State-of-the-art satellite measurements and atmospheric reanalysis consistently reveal an enhancement of summer Arctic monthly OLR cooling ranging 1.5-4Wm(-2) during months with anomalously high thermodynamic advection. This cooling anomaly is found to be of the same magnitude or slightly larger than associated downwelling LW surface warming anomalies. We identify a relationship between large-scale circulation variability and changing cloud properties permitting LW radiation at both the surface and top of the atmosphere to respond to variability in atmospheric thermodynamics. Driven by anomalous advection of warm air, the corresponding enhanced OLR cooling signal on monthly time scales represents an important buffer to regional Arctic warming.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 44, no 2, 1095-1103 p.
Keyword [en]
Arctic, thermodynamics, advection, radiation, clouds
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-141384DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071959ISI: 000395652600058OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-141384DiVA: diva2:1091518
Available from: 2017-04-26 Created: 2017-04-26 Last updated: 2017-04-26Bibliographically approved

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