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Socioeconomic Segregation and Access to Social Capital: The effect of schools and neighborhoods on the social capital of young adults
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8819-713X
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates how schools and neighborhoods structure the social capital of young adults. Two waves of panel data are used to study a sample of young adults in Sweden. Social capital is defined as access to resources through a social network and measured by the number of the five closest friends in higher education and employment, as well as the extensity and class composition of the occupational positions respondents have access to. The result demonstrates that close friends very often share school context and somewhat less often neighborhood context, and that the socioeconomic composition of both upper secondary schools and neighborhoods structures an individual’s access to social capital. In addition, variation between the two waves in the neighborhood context composition is shown to lead to change in the socioeconomic composition of the network. Results indicate a substantial persistence of context effects over time. School friendships formed during adolescence continue to be important into early adulthood, and the effect of context composition is maintained over time. Thus, it is concluded that the “growing up context” matters for social capital in early adulthood.

Keyword [en]
Social Capital, Position Generator, Social Class, Socioeconomic Segregation, Neighbourhood Effects, Context Composition
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-142580OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-142580DiVA: diva2:1092582
Projects
LIFEINCON
Available from: 2017-05-03 Created: 2017-05-03 Last updated: 2017-05-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Networks and Success: Access and Use of Social Capital among Young Adults in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Networks and Success: Access and Use of Social Capital among Young Adults in Sweden
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis explores the role of social capital in shaping inequality among young adults. Social capital is defined as resources embedded in a social network and the thesis investigates differences in access to social capital, and the effects in the labor market and the housing market. The thesis consists of four empirical studies and an introductory chapter that develops the theoretical and empirical background. The four empirical studies use a Swedish survey titled “Social Capital and Labor Market Integration” that includes individuals born in 1990 living in Sweden. A gross sample based on three subsamples was selected based on the country of birth of the respondents’ parents (Sweden, former Yugoslavia, or Iran). The survey consists of two waves of panel data and most respondents were 19 years old at the time of the first survey and 22 at the time of the second. The four studies investigate: (1) the effect of social class and migration background on access to social capital through national and transnational ties, (2) the effect of socioeconomic segregation in schools and neighborhoods on access to social capital through occupational networks and close friendship ties, (3) the effect of social capital in the process of labor market entry, and (4) the effect of social capital on the likelihood to move away from parents. All four studies measure social capital with ego network measures and the main measurement is the position generator that asks the respondent about contacts in occupational positions spanning the socioeconomic structure. Results show that family background factors and socioeconomic segregation affects access to social capital, and that social capital affects labor market and housing market outcomes. The thesis concludes that social capital is an important factor to understand unequal outcomes among young adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 2017. 47 p.
Series
Stockholm studies in sociology, ISSN 0491-0885 ; 69
Keyword
Social capital, labour market, housing market, young adults, social class, immigration background, neighbourhood
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-142740 (URN)978-91-7649-846-0 (ISBN)978-91-7649-847-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-16, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
LIFEINCON
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Accepted. Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Available from: 2017-05-22 Created: 2017-05-04 Last updated: 2017-05-18Bibliographically approved

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