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Learning to recognize younger faces at an older age
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Cognitive psychology.
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2017 (English)In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 29, no 2, 191-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Processing of horizontal face cues has been shown to be an important element in face recognition of adults aged up to 30 years. In contrast, horizontally aligned facial features do not appear to contribute to older adults’ (60–75 years) recognition in a similar way. To this end, we investigated potential learning effects on the ability to recognize faces based on horizontal features. Previous research suggests face recognition based on all face information experiences an accelerated decline after the age of 70. However, recognition based only on horizontal face information has not yet been studied in old age (75+ years of age). Thus, we investigated whether older adults (aged up to as well as starting at 75 years) can learn to recognize faces based on horizontal face cues alone.

Method: One younger and two older adult groups (20–30, 60–75, and 75+ years) were familiarized with a high and a low amount of previously unfamiliar faces—some containing all face cues and others containing only horizontal face cues (reduced information). Subsequently, all groups received a recognition test.

Results: Repeated learning increased natural face recognition for all three age groups when all face cues were available. However, increases in face recognition were only observed for younger adults when horizontal face cued were only available.

Discussion: The importance of horizontally aligned spatial frequencies for recognizing human faces is lessened before the age of 60 (and plateaus thereon), whereas recognition of stimuli containing all face cues is still capable of improvement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer International Publishing , 2017. Vol. 29, no 2, 191-196 p.
Keyword [en]
face recognition, aging, development, memory
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-142748DOI: 10.1007/s40520-016-0537-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-142748DiVA: diva2:1092942
Available from: 2017-05-04 Created: 2017-05-04 Last updated: 2017-05-04

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf