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Language - mirror of culture: a case study on language socialization with Finns living in Finland and Sweden, and Swedes living in Sweden
Stockholm University, The Stockholm Institute of Education, Department of Curriculum Studies and Communication .
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of the present study was to compare language socialization, i.e. how to use language and how to socialize children to use language, in three cultural groups: Finns living in Finland and Sweden and Swedes living in Sweden. Since language socialization is assumed to result in a conversational style, this was studied from different angles. The participants consisted of 20 families in each group with a target child, aged 9-13 years. The empirical data was collected by video recording a mealtime conversation with each family. The video recordings were transcribed by using the CHAT system. The analyses of data demonstrated cultural variations in interaction between Finns and Swedes. The Swedes displayed a higher involvement style than the Finns in different ways. The Swedes produced more talk and they had shorter inter-turn pauses. They elicited talk using more varied syntactic forms which also were somewhat more implicit than the forms used by Finns. The Swedish preference for negotiating and even arguing in immediate responses to negative comments provided a further difference. The Finns spoke mainly about facts, and did not leave an opening for discussion. The groups also differed from one another by showing different social norms and values. The Swedes commented more on moral and ethic issues whereas the Finns commented more on table manners. On the whole, a comparison of two neighbor countries indicated different conversational styles which are assumed to arise from different socialization styles. The cross-cultural comparison of Finns in two communities displayed a strong SwedishFinnish conversational adherence to the Finnish style. The children showed conversational congruity with the parents in each group. The findings indicated that Finnish and Swedish children in meeting each other, for example, in a classroom might have different conversational abilities when contributing to conversations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm Institute of Education Press (HLS förl.) , 2002. , 77 p.
Series
Studies in educational sciences, ISSN 1400-478X ; 59
Keyword [en]
Sociolinguistics, cultural comparison, language socialization, family dinner conversation, conversational style, involvement
Keyword [sv]
Språksocialisation, Finnar, språk, Sverige, Svenskar
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-142969ISBN: 91-7656-537-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-142969DiVA: diva2:1093928
Public defence
2002-11-29, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Note

Härtill 5 uppsatser

Stockholms universitetsbiblioteks retrospektiva digitalisering. Avhandlingar 1906-2003.

Available from: 2017-05-08 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2017-07-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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