Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A critical reassessment of the fundamental properties of GJ 504: chemical composition and age
Show others and affiliations
Number of Authors: 11
2017 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 598, A19Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context. The recent development of brand new observational techniques and theoretical models have greatly advanced the exoplanet research field. Despite significant achievements, which have allowed the detection of thousands extrasolar systems, a comprehensive understanding of planetary formation and evolution mechanisms is still desired. One relevant limitation is given by the accuracy in the measurements of planet-host star ages. The star GJ 504 has been found to host a substellar companion whose nature is strongly debated. There has been a recent difference of opinion in the literature owing to the uncertainty on the age of the system: a young age of similar to 160 Myr would imply a giant planet as a companion, but a recent revision pointing to a solar age (similar to 4 Gyr) instead suggests a brown dwarf.

Aims. With the aim of shedding light on this debated topic, we have carried out a high-resolution spectroscopic study of GJ 504 to derive stellar parameters, metallicity, and abundances of both light and heavy elements, providing a full chemical characterisation. The main objective is to infer clues on the evolutionary stage (hence the age) of this system.

Methods. We performed a strictly differential (line-by-line) analysis of GJ 504 with respect to two reference stars, that is the planethost dwarf (l)Hor and the subgiant HIP 84827. The former is crucial in this context because its stellar parameters (hence the evolutionary stage) is well constrained from asteroseismic observations. Regardless of the zero point off sets, our differential approach allows us to put tight constraints on the age of GJ 504 with respect to (l)Hor, thereby minimising the internal uncertainties.

Results. We found that the surface gravity of GJ 504 is 0.2 +/- 0.07 dex lower than that of the main-sequence star (l)Hor, suggesting a past turn-off evolution for our target. The isochrone comparison provides us with an age range between 1.8 and 3.5 Gyr, with a most probable age of approximate to 2.5 Gyr. Thus, our findings support an old age for the system; further evidence comes from the barium abundance, which is compatible with a solar pattern and not enhanced as observed in young stars.

Conclusions. We envisaged a possible engulfment scenario to reconcile all the age indicators (spectroscopy, isochrones, rotation, and activity); this engulfment could have occurred very recently and could be responsible for the enhanced levels of rotation and chromospheric activity, as previously suggested. We tested this hypothesis, exploiting a tidal evolution code and finding that the engulfment of a hot Jupiter, with mass not larger than approximate to 3 M-j and initially located at approximate to 0.03 AU, seems to be a very likely scenario.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 598, A19
Keyword [en]
stars: abundances, stars: individual: GJ 504, stars: fundamental parameters, stars: solar-type, stars: evolution
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-142521DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201629283ISI: 000394465000019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-142521DiVA: diva2:1094259
Available from: 2017-05-09 Created: 2017-05-09 Last updated: 2017-05-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Janson, Markus
By organisation
Department of Astronomy
In the same journal
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Physical Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf