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Kinetic N-15-isotope effects on algal growth
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
Number of Authors: 2
2017 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, 44181Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stable isotope labeling is a standard technique for tracing material transfer in molecular, ecological and biogeochemical studies. The main assumption in this approach is that the enrichment with a heavy isotope has no effect on the organism metabolism and growth, which is not consistent with current theoretical and empirical knowledge on kinetic isotope effects. Here, we demonstrate profound changes in growth dynamics of the green alga Raphidocelis subcapitata grown in N-15-enriched media. With increasing N-15 concentration (0.37 to 50 at%), the lag phase increased, whereas maximal growth rate and total yield decreased; moreover, there was a negative relationship between the growth and the lag phase across the treatments. The latter suggests that a trade-off between growth rate and the ability to adapt to the high N-15 environment may exist. Remarkably, the lag-phase response at 3.5 at% N-15 was the shortest and deviated from the overall trend, thus providing partial support to the recently proposed Isotopic Resonance hypothesis, which predicts that certain isotopic composition is particularly favorable for living organisms. These findings confirm the occurrence of KIE in isotopically enriched algae and underline the importance of considering these effects when using stable isotope labeling in field and experimental studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 7, 44181
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-142671DOI: 10.1038/srep44181ISI: 000395891800001PubMedID: 28281640OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-142671DiVA: diva2:1094656
Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-05-10 Last updated: 2017-05-10Bibliographically approved

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