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Erfarenheter av delat ledarskap i den lokala skolan: Rektorers och arbetslagsledares röster
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
2017 (Swedish)In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 22, no 1-2, 101-123 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna artikel är att bidra till kunskapen om delat ledarskap mellan chefer och mer specifikt att belysa och diskutera delat rektorskap. Delat ledarskap mellan rektorer har i andra länder beskrivits som en lösning på rektorers trängda arbetssituation och höga arbetsbelastning. Teoretiska utgångspunkter är lärteori och teori om kollektiva ledarskapsformer. Kvalitativa data från rektorer, biträdande rektorer samt arbetslagsledare vid fem skolor med delat ledarskap är empirisk grund. Resultaten visar på värdet av att som rektor inte vara ensam med arbetsuppgifterna, problem blir hanterbara vilket ger en hälsosam trygghet. För skolor som var uppdelade i flera skolenheter tillkom svårigheter med visst dubbelarbete samt oklarhet angående skolan som helhet. Ett teoretiskt bidrag till kunskapen om delat ledarskap mellan chefer är förståelsen av invitering som horisontell över organisatoriska gränser. En kritisk granskning av dominerande föreställningar om organisation och ledarskap efterlyses i avsikt att ge skolor möjlighet att välja gemensamt ledarskap.

Abstract [en]

Leadership is increasingly being described in research literature as a collective function. Included in this trend is research on leadership shared between managers, including in schools. Earlier research has described the organisation of school management into a communal function as a solution to what is often a difficult and multidimensional undertaking for principals operating in  pressured work situations with a substantial workload. The role of the ‘superprincipal’, an individual who carries the entire burden of running and improving a school, can be seen as part of a traditional, hierarchical organisational model that masks pioneering, collective working methods such as those involving principals. Given the difficulties inherent in the duties of a principal in schools, it now seems unfortunate that the current Education Act is limiting opportunities for principals to operate with shared responsibility.

This article aims to add to our knowledge about leadership shared between managers and, more specifically, to highlight and discuss the issue of leadership shared between principals. We show how principals have organised the leadership function as a close partnership between two or more people, i.e. leadership shared between managers. The theoretical premises here are learning theory and theory about collective forms of leadership. Competence is seen both as an individual attribute and also as something carried between people in what is known as competence-bearing relations. These relationships are the basis of collective forms of leadership, and are founded on three qualities: trust, a lack of pretention, and common values in terms of what to achieve with the school operations and how to treat people.

With this study in mind, and in view of the acknowledged difficulty of the general work situation principals are faced with, we consider it a matter of concern that the current Education Act has limited the scope for shared leadership for this particular group of managers by stipulating that a school unit may only have one principal. Based on our research, we propose that responsible authorities be allowed to operate in such a way that principals are again able to lead schools on a formally equal footing. Two principals with the same formal status could then have joint overall responsibility but still split their work tasks according to their competence and interests.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 22, no 1-2, 101-123 p.
Keyword [en]
action, arena, competence-bearing relations, managers, organisation, principals, school unit, shared leadership, teacher team leaders, work situation
Keyword [sv]
handling, arena, kompetensbärande relationer, chef, organisation, rektor, skolenhet, delat ledarskap, arbetslagsledare, arbetssituation
National Category
Pedagogy
Research subject
Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-143169OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-143169DiVA: diva2:1096043
Projects
Delat ledarskap - en alternativ berättelse. Om föreställningar, chefspraktik och lagstiftning
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2013-0774
Available from: 2017-05-16 Created: 2017-05-16 Last updated: 2017-05-16

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