Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A shared experience: studies on families and unemployment
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Paper I Unemployment and families. A review of research The purpose of this paper is to offer a broad review of research on the consequences of unemployment for families and family members. A large number of empirical studies have been divided into subgroups according to subject: unemployed individuals and the couple; the spouses of unemployed individuals; and the children of unemployed individuals. The discussion of the studies focuses on the extent to which observed effects can be ascribed specifically to unemployment, and the importance of other factors, such as intervening variables. Although there are some dissenting voices, most studies focusing on unemployment and families do suggest that the unemployed and their families are exposed to adverse events and circumstances to a greater extent than other people. However, precisely what role unemployment plays in this, and what significance other related factors have, is still largely unclear.

Paper II Keep out of the reach of children. Parental unemployment and children’s accident risks in Sweden 1991-1993 In the early 1990s, unemployment levels increased dramatically in Sweden. Although the effects of unemployment on unemployed individuals are well documented, research on parental unemployment and children has been limited. The aim of the present study is to explore the relationship between parental unemployment and the risk of accidents to children in Sweden during the period 1991–1993. Two independent samples are used: the Swedish Level of Living Survey 1991 (original sample 6,733 individuals) and the Swedish Longitudinal Study among Unemployed 1992–1993 (original sample 792). The samples were taken during periods of low and high unemployment. The results indicate that parental unemployment is associated with an increased risk of accidents among children in 1991, 1992 and 1993. The increased risk does not seem to be due to the effects of adverse selection into unemployment on parental well-being, financial difficulties or alcohol consumption. It is also suggested that low parental well-being is of causal significance within the unemployed group.

Paper III Unemployment and gendered divisions of domestic labor A certain level of gender inequality prevails both in families and in societies, regardless of which countries are studied. This is, among other things, intimately associated with the fact that women have the main responsibility for home and family. Here, I study whether unemployment is associated with alterations in the gendered division of domestic labor among Swedish men and women. Levels of domestic labor activity during periods of unemployment are explored, as well as the question of whether any associations persist after the individual re-enters employment. The data materials used are the Swedish Longitudinal Study among Unemployed 1992-1993, as well as the Swedish Level of Living Survey from 1991. The results indicate that although gender is the best predictor of levels of domestic labor activity, labor market status also affects levels of domestic labor activity. In other words, women are more active than men are, but the unemployed are more active compared with the employed. The hypothesis that male unemployment is associated with a more equal division of domestic labor is thus supported. For women, the hypothesis that unemployment is related to an exacerbated unequal division of domestic labor receives support. It however appears questionable whether unemployment has any permanent effects on activity in domestic labor, since the re-employed decrease their domestic labor activity.

Paper IV Unemployment and the first birth. Swedish couples 1991-2000 The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between unemployment and fertility in Sweden during the period 1991-2000, with particular emphasis on gender differences. This period was characterized by high unemployment as well as very low total fertility. Given that the decision option is available, characteristics of both presumptive parents are likely to influence the decision as to whether, and if so when, to have a child. Even so, previous research has focused on the individual rather than the couple. The present study uses couple data from the 1991 and 2000 Level of Living Surveys and register data from the Swedish Labor Market Board. The findings indicate that unemployment on the individual level is unrelated to first-birth intensities regardless of which spouse is unemployed. What does appear to be related to first-birth intensities, however, is the couples’ educational level, which is used here as a proxy for prospects on the labor market.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University , 2002. , 13 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 55
Keyword [en]
Unemployment, Sweden, Family
Keyword [sv]
Arbetslösa, familjeförhållanden, Arbetslöshet, Sverige
National Category
Work Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-142854Libris ID: 8426954OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-142854DiVA: diva2:1096163
Public defence
2002-06-06, 10:04 (Swedish)
Opponent
Note

Härtill 4 uppsatser

Available from: 2017-05-17 Created: 2017-05-17 Last updated: 2017-10-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

PDF (Not accessible to users outside Sweden)
By organisation
The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)
Work Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 8 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf