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Respiratory Constraints in Verbal and Non-verbal Communication
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3824-2980
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0034-0924
2017 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 8, 708Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present paper we address the old question of respiratory planning in speech production. We recast the problem in terms of speakers' communicative goals and propose that speakers try to minimize respiratory effort in line with the H&H theory. We analyze respiratory cycles coinciding with no speech (i.e., silence), short verbal feedback expressions (SFE's) as well as longer vocalizations in terms of parameters of the respiratory cycle and find little evidence for respiratory planning in feedback production. We also investigate timing of speech and SFEs in the exhalation and contrast it with nods. We find that while speech is strongly tied to the exhalation onset, SFEs are distributed much more uniformly throughout the exhalation and are often produced on residual air. Given that nods, which do not have any respiratory constraints, tend to be more frequent toward the end of an exhalation, we propose a mechanism whereby respiratory patterns are determined by the trade-off between speakers' communicative goals and respiratory constraints.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 8, 708
Keyword [en]
breathing, multiparty conversation, speech production, multimodal feedback, respiratory planning
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Phonetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-143185DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00708ISI: 000401473400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-143185DiVA: diva2:1096350
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-1072
Available from: 2017-05-17 Created: 2017-05-17 Last updated: 2017-06-27Bibliographically approved

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