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Safeguards for Enhancing Ecological Compensation in Sweden
Stockholm University. (Stockholm Resilience Centre)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6649-5232
Stockholm University. (Stockholm Resilience Centre)
Stockholm University. (Stockholm Resilience Centre)
2017 (English)In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 64, 186-199 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT Ecological compensation (EC) is being explored as a policy instrument for the European Union’s ‘No Net Loss of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services’ initiative. EC is commonly associated with the Polluter-Pays Principle, but we propose the Developer-Pays Principle as a more appropriate principle. Safeguards that are relevant to local and national contexts are needed when addressing social-ecological resilience in the face of risks associated with EC. The operationalisation of EC in Sweden is assessed through two case studies, the E12 highway and Mertainen mine. The institutional design and implementation procedures are investigated through semi-structured interviews as well as an analysis of legal and other written documents. Using a multi-level governance framework, we examine four key disputed issues within compensation. Our results suggest that (i) Risk of a license-to-trash can be minimised; (ii) Complementary quantitative and qualitative ecological valuation methods are needed to achieve additionality and No Net Loss; (iii) Compensation pools may be a promising strategy to secure land availability; and (iv) Social safeguards are vital for EC in high-income countries as well, where they are currently understudied. We conclude that EC cannot be the main instrument for nature conservation, but rather complementary to a strong legal framework that protects biodiversity and ecosystems in addition to the sustained and equitable benefits of ecosystem services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 64, 186-199 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-143250DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.02.035OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-143250DiVA: diva2:1097225
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2017-05-22 Created: 2017-05-22 Last updated: 2017-05-22

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Publisher's full texthttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.02.035http://www.stockholmresilience.org/publications/artiklar/2017-03-24-safeguards-for-enhancing-ecological-compensation-in-sweden.html

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf