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Identity and well-LEbeing of ethnic minority and mainstream adolescents in Bulgaria
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Hiroshima University, Japan.
Number of Authors: 4
2017 (English)In: Current Issues in Personality Psychology, ISSN 2353-4192, Vol. 5, no 1, 41-52 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

We study identity in the context of long-term sedentary groups in Eastern Europe in contrast to the frequently studied short-term immigrants in typical Western European or US American contexts. This paper provides a novel approach to youth identity in an Eastern European post-communist context for minority groups that are quite distinct from the mainstream group to advance the study of identity. Turkish-Bulgarians and Muslim-Bulgarians have been subjected to extensive assimilation campaigns, which prompted them to carefully negotiate their ethnic identity and sense of belonging.

Participants and procedure

Participants were 366 adolescents aged 16 to 18 years (M = 16.72, SD = 0.71) from South Central and South Western regions of Bulgaria. This sample included Turkish-Bulgarian (n = 145), Muslim-Bulgarian (n = 85), and (mainstream) Bulgarian (n = 136) youth who provided data on personal, ethnic, familial, and religious identity as well as psychological well-being.

Results

Turkish-Bulgarian youth scored higher on achievement, diffusion, and foreclosure but lower on moratorium and Bulgarian ethnic and familial identity than Muslim-Bulgarian and Bulgarian youth. Bulgarian mainstreamers scored significantly lower on religious identity compared to their Turkish-Bulgarian and Muslim-Bulgarian peers. Finally, Bulgarian mainstream identity significantly predicted well-being of youth from all groups, independent of their ethnic background.

Conclusions

A strong ethnic and familial identity results in beneficial psychological outcomes for youth, even in the face of adversity and assimilation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 5, no 1, 41-52 p.
Keyword [en]
well-being, identity, minority adolescents, Bulgaria
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-143498DOI: 10.5114/CIPP.2017.63055ISI: 000399621000006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-143498DiVA: diva2:1102641
Available from: 2017-05-30 Created: 2017-05-30 Last updated: 2017-05-30Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf