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Reframing the Food-Biodiversity Challenge
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Number of Authors: 9
2017 (English)In: Trends in Ecology & Evolution, ISSN 0169-5347, E-ISSN 1872-8383, Vol. 32, no 5, 335-345 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Given the serious limitations of production-oriented frameworks, we offer here a new conceptual framework for how to analyze the nexus of food security and biodiversity conservation. We introduce four archetypes of social-ecological system states corresponding to win-win (e.g., agroecology), win-lose (e.g., intensive agriculture), lose-win (e.g., fortress conservation), and lose-lose (e.g., degraded landscapes) outcomes for food security and biodiversity conservation. Each archetype is shaped by characteristic external drivers, exhibits characteristic internal social-ecological features, and has characteristic feedbacks that maintain it. This framework shifts the emphasis from focusing on production only to considering social-ecological dynamics, and enables comparison among landscapes. Moreover, examining drivers and feedbacks facilitates the analysis of possible transitions between system states (e.g., from a lose-lose outcome to a more preferred outcome).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 32, no 5, 335-345 p.
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-143555DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2017.02.009ISI: 000399451900009PubMedID: 28284373OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-143555DiVA: diva2:1104989
Available from: 2017-06-02 Created: 2017-06-02 Last updated: 2017-06-02Bibliographically approved

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Hylander, Kristoffer
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Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences
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