Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Removing krypton from xenon by cryogenic distillation to the ppq level
Show others and affiliations
Number of Authors: 123
2017 (English)In: European Physical Journal C, ISSN 1434-6044, E-ISSN 1434-6052, Vol. 77, no 5, 275Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The XENON1T experiment aims for the direct detection of dark matter in a detector filled with 3.3 tons of liquid xenon. In order to achieve the desired sensitivity, the background induced by radioactive decays inside the detector has to be sufficiently low. One major contributor is the beta-emitter Kr-85 which is present in the xenon. For XENON1T a concentration of natural krypton in xenon Kr-nat/Xe < 200 ppq (parts per quadrillion, 1 ppq = 10(-15) mol/mol) is required. In this work, the design, construction and test of a novel cryogenic distillation column using the common McCabe-Thiele approach is described. The system demonstrated a krypton reduction factor of 6.4 . 10(5) with thermodynamic stability at process speeds above 3 kg/h. The resulting concentration of natKr/Xe < 26 ppq is the lowest ever achieved, almost one order of magnitude below the requirements for XENON1T and even sufficient for future dark matter experiments using liquid xenon, such as XENONnT and DARWIN.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 77, no 5, 275
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-143454DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-4757-1ISI: 000400642800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-143454DiVA: diva2:1106315
Available from: 2017-06-07 Created: 2017-06-07 Last updated: 2017-06-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bauermeister, BorisCalvén, JakobConrad, JanFerella, Alfredo D.Pelssers, Bart
By organisation
Department of PhysicsThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
In the same journal
European Physical Journal C
Physical Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 12 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf