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Do Employers Prefer Fathers?: Evidence from aField Experiment Testing the Gender byParenthood Interaction Effect on Callbacks toJob Applications
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4398-5033
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2017 (English)In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 33, no 3, 337-348 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In research on fatherhood premiums and motherhood penalties in career-related outcomes, employers’discriminatory behaviours are often argued to constitute a possible explanation for observed gender gaps.However, there is as yet no conclusive evidence of such discrimination. Utilizing a field experiment design,we test (i) whether job applicants are subject to recruitment discrimination on the basis of their genderand parenthood status, and (ii) whether discrimination by gender and parenthood is conditional on thequalifications required by the job applied for. We applied for 2,144 jobs in the Swedish labour market, randomlyassigning gender and parenthood status to fictitious job applicants. Based on the rate of callbacks,we do not find that employers practise systematic recruitment discrimination on the basis of the jobapplicants’ gender or parental status, neither in relation to less qualified nor more highly qualified jobs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. Vol. 33, no 3, 337-348 p.
Keyword [en]
discrimination parenthood experiment gender
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-144314DOI: 10.1093/esr/jcx051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-144314DiVA: diva2:1110844
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2012-0587
Available from: 2017-06-16 Created: 2017-06-16 Last updated: 2017-06-16

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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