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Resilience offers escape from trapped thinking on poverty alleviation
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. The Australian National University, Australia.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Number of Authors: 4
2017 (English)In: Science Advances, ISSN 0036-8156, E-ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 3, no 5, 1603043Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The poverty trap concept strongly influences current research and policy on poverty alleviation. Financial or technological inputs intended to push the rural poor out of a poverty trap have had many successes but have also failed unexpectedly with serious ecological and social consequences that can reinforce poverty. Resilience thinking can help to (i) understand how these failures emerge from the complex relationships between humans and the ecosystems on which they depend and (ii) navigate diverse poverty alleviation strategies, such as transformative change, that may instead be required. First, we review commonly observed or assumed social-ecological relationships in rural development contexts, focusing on economic, biophysical, and cultural aspects of poverty. Second, we develop a classification of poverty alleviation strategies using insights from resilience research on social-ecological change. Last, we use these advances to develop stylized, multidimensional poverty trap models. The models show that (i) interventions that ignore nature and culture can reinforce poverty (particularly in agrobiodiverse landscapes), (ii) transformative change can instead open new pathways for poverty alleviation, and (iii) asset inputs may be effective in other contexts (for example, where resource degradation and poverty are tightly interlinked). Our model-based approach and insights offer a systematic way to review the consequences of the causal mechanisms that characterize poverty traps in different agricultural contexts and identify appropriate strategies for rural development challenges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 3, no 5, 1603043
National Category
Other Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-144866DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1603043ISI: 000401955300045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-144866DiVA: diva2:1117036
Available from: 2017-06-28 Created: 2017-06-28 Last updated: 2017-06-28Bibliographically approved

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Lade, Steven J.Haider, L. JamilaSchlüter, Maja
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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