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A systems tool for structuring public policy problems and design of policy options
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Electronic Governance, ISSN 1742-7509, E-ISSN 1742-7517, Vol. 9, no 1/2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Systems analysis allows quantitative empirical testing of models that exist in the study of public policy. Simulation and visualisation techniques can help policy makers to reduce uncertainties on the possible impacts of policies. This paper presents a new tool for systems modelling and simulation of policy problems to support the problem analysis, the design of policy options and impact assessment activities. The tool facilitates the cognitive activity of representing complex mental models using system dynamics simulation modelling by defining standards and a procedure for policy modelling. We propose a new policy-oriented problem structuring method (PSM), the ‘labelled causal mapping’. The method supports scenario-based dynamic simulation and provides graphical representations of the involved actors, key variables, control flows and causal dependencies in a policy decision situation. A web-based tool prototype has been implemented in a Node.js environment. Two real policy problems are presented for demonstration of the use of the prototype.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 9, no 1/2
Keyword [en]
public policy analysis, policy options, impact assessment, systems thinking, exploratory modelling, gaming simulation, scenario planning, problem structuring, causal mapping, visualization, European Union
National Category
Computer Science
Research subject
Computer and Systems Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-144895DOI: 10.1504/IJEG.2017.10005473OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-144895DiVA: diva2:1117542
Available from: 2017-06-29 Created: 2017-06-29 Last updated: 2017-08-18Bibliographically approved

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Ibrahim, OsamaLarsson, Aron
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