Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Observations of the Lyman series forest towards the redshift 7.1 quasar ULAS J1120+0641
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Imperial College London, UK.
Show others and affiliations
Number of Authors: 8
2017 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 601, A16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present a 30 h integration Very Large Telescope X-shooter spectrum of the Lyman series forest towards the z = 7.084 quasar ULAS J1120+0641. The only detected transmission at S/N > 5 is confined to seven narrow spikes in the Ly alpha forest, over the redshift range 5.858 < z < 6.122, just longward of the wavelength of the onset of the Ly beta forest. There is also a possible detection of one further unresolved spike in the Ly beta forest at z = 6.854, with S/N = 4.5. We also present revised Hubble Space Telescope F814W photometry of the source. The summed flux from the transmission spikes is in agreement with the F814W photometry, so all the transmission in the Lyman series forest may have been detected. There is a Gunn-Peterson (GP) trough in the Ly alpha forest from z = 6.122 all the way to the quasar near zone at z = 7.04. The trough, of comoving length 240 h(-1) Mpc, is over twice as long as the next longest known GP trough. We combine the spectroscopic and photometric results to constrain the evolution of the Ly alpha effective optical depth (tau(eff)(GP)) with redshift, extending a similar analysis by Simpson et al. We find tau(eff)(GP) alpha (1 + z)(xi) where xi = 11.2(-0.6)(+0.4) for z > 5.5. The data nevertheless provide only a weak limit on the volume-weighted intergalactic medium (IGM) hydrogen neutral fraction at z similar to 6.5, x(HI) > 10(-4), similar to limits at redshift z similar to 6 from less distant quasars. The new observations cannot extend measurements of the neutral fraction of the IGM to higher values because absorption in the Ly alpha forest is already saturated near z similar to 6. For higher neutral fractions, other methods such as measuring the red damping wing of the IGM will be required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 601, A16
Keyword [en]
cosmology: observations, quasars: individual: ULAS J1120+0641, quasars: absorption lines, dark ages, reionization, first stars
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-144853DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201630258ISI: 000402313500016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-144853DiVA: diva2:1118059
Available from: 2017-06-29 Created: 2017-06-29 Last updated: 2017-06-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Mortlock, Daniel John
By organisation
Department of Astronomy
In the same journal
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Physical Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 2 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf