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The agglomeration, coalescence and sliding of nanoparticles, leading to the rapid sintering of zirconia nanoceramics
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
Number of Authors: 3
2017 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 7, 2541Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Conventional sintering is a time- and energy-consuming process used for the densification of consolidated particles facilitated by atomic diffusion at high temperatures. Nanoparticles, with their increased surface free energy, can promote sintering; however, size reduction also promotes agglomeration, so hampering particle packing and complete densification. Here we show how the ordered agglomeration of zirconia primary crystallites into secondary particle assemblies ensures their homogeneous packing, while also preserving the high surface energy to higher temperatures, increasing the sintering activity. When exposed to intense electromagnetic radiation, providing rapid heating, the assembled crystallites are subjected to further agglomeration, coalescence and sliding, leading to rapid densification in the absence of extensive diffusional processes, cancelling out the grain growth during the initial sintering stages and providing a zirconia nanoceramic in only 2 minutes at 1300 degrees C.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 7, 2541
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-144806DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-02760-7ISI: 000402519400005PubMedID: 28566771OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-144806DiVA: diva2:1121606
Available from: 2017-07-12 Created: 2017-07-12 Last updated: 2017-07-12Bibliographically approved

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