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How learning analytics can early predict under-achieving students in a blended medical education course
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences. Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
Number of Authors: 3
2017 (English)In: Medical teacher, ISSN 0142-159X, E-ISSN 1466-187X, Vol. 39, no 7, 757-767 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: Learning analytics (LA) is an emerging discipline that aims at analyzing students' online data in order to improve the learning process and optimize learning environments. It has yet un-explored potential in the field of medical education, which can be particularly helpful in the early prediction and identification of under-achieving students. The aim of this study was to identify quantitative markers collected from students' online activities that may correlate with students' final performance and to investigate the possibility of predicting the potential risk of a student failing or dropping out of a course.Methods: This study included 133 students enrolled in a blended medical course where they were free to use the learning management system at their will. We extracted their online activity data using database queries and Moodle plugins. Data included logins, views, forums, time, formative assessment, and communications at different points of time. Five engagement indicators were also calculated which would reflect self-regulation and engagement. Students who scored below 5% over the passing mark were considered to be potentially at risk of under-achieving.Results: At the end of the course, we were able to predict the final grade with 63.5% accuracy, and identify 53.9% of at-risk students. Using a binary logistic model improved prediction to 80.8%. Using data recorded until the mid-course, prediction accuracy was 42.3%. The most important predictors were factors reflecting engagement of the students and the consistency of using the online resources.Conclusions: The analysis of students' online activities in a blended medical education course by means of LA techniques can help early predict underachieving students, and can be used as an early warning sign for timely intervention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 39, no 7, 757-767 p.
National Category
Computer and Information Science Family Medicine Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145289DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2017.1309376ISI: 000404352900010PubMedID: 28421894OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-145289DiVA: diva2:1128386
Available from: 2017-07-25 Created: 2017-07-25 Last updated: 2017-07-25Bibliographically approved

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