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Temperature Dependence of the Organic Carbon/Water Partition Ratios (K-oc) of Volatile Methylsiloxanes
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, United States.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
Number of Authors: 4
2017 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology Letters, ISSN 2328-8930, Vol. 4, no 6, 240-245 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Knowing the temperature dependence of the organic carbon/water partition ratios (K-oc) of volatile methylsiloxanes (VMS) is required to understand their environmental fate. We measured the Koc of two linear VMS (IVMS), three cyclic VMS (cVMS), and six polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) at 25, 15, 10, and 5 degrees C and calculated their enthalpies and entropies of sorption to organic carbon (Delta H-oc and Delta S-oc, respectively). The Delta H-oc of VMS ranged from -79.2 to -45.8 kJ mol(-1) while the Delta H-oc of the PCBs ranged from -68.7 to -29.3 kJ mol(-1). Previously reported measurements of the enthalpy of phase change between octanol and water (Delta H-ow) for cVMS (11.3-68.8 kJ mol(-1)) differed substantially from our Delta H-oc measurements, even showing different signs (negative versus positive). Literature data of Delta H-oc and Delta H-ow for PCBs (-61 to -17 kJ mol(-1)) are closer to our measured values of Delta H-oc for the PCBs showing the same sign (negative) with differences within a factor of 2 in the majority of the cases. Comparison of all available data for PCBs and VMS indicated that there may be important differences between Delta H-oc and Delta H-ow, especially for the VMS. Therefore, assuming Delta H-oc equals Delta H-ow in environmental fate models may be a source of substantial error.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 4, no 6, 240-245 p.
National Category
Environmental Engineering Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145318DOI: 10.1021/acs.estlett.7b00138ISI: 000403529100009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-145318DiVA: diva2:1128410
Available from: 2017-07-25 Created: 2017-07-25 Last updated: 2017-07-25Bibliographically approved

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Panagopoulos, DimitriKierkegaard, AmelieMacLeod, Matthew
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