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Mean climate and representation of jet streams in the CORDEX South Asia simulations by the regional climate model RCA4
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology . Pakistan Meteorological Department, Islamabad, Pakistan.
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Number of Authors: 6
2017 (English)In: Journal of Theoretical and Applied Climatology, ISSN 0177-798X, E-ISSN 1434-4483, Vol. 129, no 1-2, 1-19 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A number of simulations with the fourth release of the Rossby Center Regional Climate Model (RCA4) conducted within the COordinated Regional climate Downscaling EXperiment (CORDEX) framework for South Asia at 50 km horizontal resolution are evaluated for mean winter (December-March) and summer (June-September) climate during 1980-2005. The two driving data sets ERA-Interim reanalysis and the general circulation model EC-Earth have been analyzed besides the RCA4 simulations to address the added value. RCA4 successfully captures the mean climate in both the seasons. The biases in RCA4 appear to come from the driving data sets which are amplified after downscaling. The jet streams influencing the seasonal precipitation variability in both seasons are also analyzed. The spatial and quantitative analysis over CORDEX South Asia generally revealed the ability of RCA4 to capture the mean seasonal climate as well as the position and strength of the jet streams despite weak/strong jet representation in the driving data. The EC-Earth downscaled with RCA4 exhibited cold biases over the domain and a weak Somali jet over the Arabian Sea. Moreover, the moisture transport from the Arabian Sea during summer is pronounced in RCA4 simulations resulting in enhanced monsoon rainfall over northwestern parts of India. Both the Somali jet and the tropical easterly jet become stronger during strong summer monsoon years. However, there is robust impact of wet years in summer over the Somali jet. Wet-minus-dry composites in winter indicate strengthening (weakening) of the subtropical jet in RCA4 run by ERA-Interim (EC-Earth). The driving data have clear reflections on the RCA4 simulations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 129, no 1-2, 1-19 p.
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145361DOI: 10.1007/s00704-016-1755-4ISI: 000403666400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-145361DiVA: diva2:1128582
Available from: 2017-07-26 Created: 2017-07-26 Last updated: 2017-07-26Bibliographically approved

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Iqbal, WaheedKjellström, ErikHannachi, Abdelwaheb
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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