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The Body Odor Disgust Scale (BODS): Development and Validation of a Novel Olfactory Disgust Assessment
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
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Number of Authors: 8
2017 (English)In: Chemical Senses, ISSN 0379-864X, E-ISSN 1464-3553, Vol. 42, no 6, 499-508 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Disgust plays a crucial role in the avoidance of pathogen threats. In many species, body odors provide important information related to health and disease, and body odors are potent elicitors of disgust in humans. With this background, valid assessments of body odor disgust sensitivity are warranted. In the present article, we report the development and psychometric validation of the Body Odor Disgust Scale (BODS), a measure suited to assess individual differences in disgust reaction to a variety of body odors. Collected data from 3 studies (total n = 528) show that the scale can be used either as a unidimensional scale or as a scale that reflects two hypothesized factors: sensitivity to one's own body odors versus those of others. Guided by our results, we reduced the scale to 12 items that capture the essence of these 2 factors. The final version of the BODS shows an excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha s > 0.9). The BODS subscales show convergent validity with other general disgust scales, as well as with other olfactory functions measures and with aspects of personality that are related to pathogen avoidance. A fourth study confirmed the construct validity of the BODS and its measurement invariance to gender. Moreover, we found that, compared with other general disgust scales, the BODS is more strongly related to perceived vulnerability to disease. The BODS is a brief and valid assessment of trait body odor disgust sensitivity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 42, no 6, 499-508 p.
Keyword [en]
behavioral immune system, body odors, disgust, disgust sensitivity, olfaction, pathogen threat
National Category
Psychology Other Agricultural Sciences Neurosciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145340DOI: 10.1093/chemse/bjw107ISI: 000404614800008PubMedID: 28633463OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-145340DiVA: diva2:1128690
Available from: 2017-07-27 Created: 2017-07-27 Last updated: 2017-08-23Bibliographically approved

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Liuzza, Marco TullioLindholm, TorunGustafsson Sendén, MarieEkström, IngridLarsson, MariaOlofsson, Jonas K.
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Personality, Social and Developmental PsychologyDepartment of PsychologyPerception and psychophysics
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