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Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Perovskite SrSnO3 Nanocrystals in Ionic Liquids for Photocatalytic Applications
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Number of Authors: 5
2017 (English)In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 56, no 12, 6920-6932 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nanosized SrSnO3 photocatalysts have been successfully synthesized by microwave synthesis in various ionic liquids (ILs) followed by a heat treatment process to optimize the materials' crystallinity. The influence of the ILs with various cations such as 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium ([C(4)mim](+)), 6-bis(3-methylimidazolium-1-yl)hexane ([C-6(mim)(2)](2+)), butylpyridinium ([C4Py](+)), and tetradecyltrihexylphosphonium ([P-66614](+)) and bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide ([Tf2N](-)) as the anion on the structure, crystallization, and morphology of the products was investigated. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry (TG), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), surface area analysis by gas adsorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), diffuse reflectance UV vis spectroscopy, and Raman and IR spectroscopy. According to structure characterization by XRD and Raman spectroscopy all samples wcrystallized phase-pure in the orthorhombic GdFeO3 perovskite structure type. SEM reveals that, on the basis of the IL, th(e) obtained SrSnO3 nanoparticles exhibit different morphologies and sizes. Rod-shaped particles are formed in [C(4)minn][Tf2N], [C-6(mim)(2)][Tf2N](2), and p [P-66614][Tf2N]. However, the particle dimensions and size distribution vary depending on the IL and range from quite thin and long needlelike partinles with a narrow size distribution obtained in [P-66614] [TfA to relatively larger particles with a broader size distribution obtained in [C-6(mim)(2)][Tf2N](2). In contrast, in [C4Py][Tf2N] nanospheres with a diameter of about 50 nm form. For these particles the highest photocatalytic activity was observed. Our investigations indicate that the improved photocatalytic activity of this material results from the synergistic effect of the relatively large surface area associated with nanosize and an appropriate energy band structure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 56, no 12, 6920-6932 p.
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Chemical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145206DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b00279ISI: 000403973200020PubMedID: 28581732OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-145206DiVA: diva2:1128905
Available from: 2017-07-31 Created: 2017-07-31 Last updated: 2017-07-31Bibliographically approved

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Mudring, Anja-Verena
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