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Effect of Bisulfate, Ammonia, and Ammonium on the Clustering of Organic Acids and Sulfuric Acid
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry.
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Number of Authors: 6
2017 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 121, no 25, 4812-4824 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigate the effect of the bisulfate anion HSO4-, ammonium cation NH4+, and ammonia NH3 on the clustering of sulfuric acid and pinic acid or 3-methyl-1,2,3-butanetricarboxylic acid (MBTCA). The systems were chosen based on their expected relevance in atmospheric new particle formation. Using quantum chemical methods together with kinetic calculations, we study the ability of these compounds to enhance cluster formation and growth. The cluster structures are obtained and frequencies are calculated using three different DFT functionals (M06-2X, PW91, and omega B97X-D) with the 6-31++G(d,p) basis set. The electronic energies are corrected using an accurate DLPNO-CCSD(T)/def2-QZVPP level of theory. The evaporation rates are evaluated based on the calculated Gibbs free energies. The interaction between the ions and sulfuric acid or carboxylic acid group is strong, and thereby small two-component ionic clusters are found to be very stable against evaporation. The presence of bisulfate stimulates the cluster formation through addition of the sulfuric acid, whereas the presence of ammonium favors the addition of organic acids. Bisulfate and ammonium enhance the first steps of cluster formation; however, at atmospheric conditions further cluster growth is limited due to the weak interaction and fast evaporation of the larger three-component clusters. On the basis of our results it is therefore unlikely that the studied organic acids and sulfuric acid, even together with bisulfate, ammonia, or ammonium can drive new-particle formation via clustering mechanisms. Other mechanisms such as chemical reactions are needed to explain observed new-particle formation events in the presence of oxidized organic compounds resembling the acids studied here.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 121, no 25, 4812-4824 p.
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Chemical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145187DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.7b03981ISI: 000404828900008PubMedID: 28585824OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-145187DiVA: diva2:1129320
Available from: 2017-08-02 Created: 2017-08-02 Last updated: 2017-08-02Bibliographically approved

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