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Crossmodal interference between language and flavour
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2017 (English)In: Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, ISSN 0120-0534, Vol. 49, no 2, 91-101 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This work describes crossmodal Stroop interference in flavoural, visual, and auditory representations. A mixed design was used with two randomized groups. As a between-subjects factor, words were presented in visual (group 1) or auditory (group 2) forms. Stimulus congruency (congruent, incongruent, and control) was defined as a within-subjects factor. Reaction times and the number of correct answers were recorded. The results showed a minor crossmodal Stroop interference in conditions of congruency. In contrast, with incongruent and control stimuli, reaction times increased and accuracy rates diminished in both experimental groups. Data from the two groups were compared, and it was concluded that the interference was greater when the distractor was written than when it was spoken. These results are discussed in terms of the difficulty of visual linguistic representation and in relation to previous studies.

Abstract [es]

El objetivo del presente trabajo es describir la interferencia del Stroop crossmodal en representaciones del sabor, visuales y auditivas. Es un diseño mixto con dos grupos seleccionados al azar. Los estímulos fueron palabras presentadas de forma visual (grupo 1) o auditiva (grupo 2). La congruencia de estímulo (congruentes, incongruentes y control) se definió como un factor intrasujetos. Se registraron los tiempos de reacción y el número de respuestas correctas. Los resultados mostraron una interferencia Stroop crossmodal menor en condiciones de congruencia. Mientras con estímulos incongruentes y de control los tiempos de reacción se incrementaron y las tasas de precisión disminuyeron en ambos grupos experimentales. Los datos de los dos grupos se compararon y se concluyó que cuando el distractor era escrito la interferencia fue mayor que cuando era hablado. Estos resultados se discuten en términos de la dificultad de representación lingüística visual y en relación con estudios anteriores.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 49, no 2, 91-101 p.
Keyword [en]
stroop, flavour, vision, hearing, crossmodality
Keyword [es]
stroop, sabor, visión, audición, crossmodal
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145486DOI: 10.1016/j.rlp.2016.01.002ISI: 000405463400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-145486DiVA: diva2:1129783
Available from: 2017-08-07 Created: 2017-08-07 Last updated: 2017-08-21Bibliographically approved

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Marmolejo-Ramos, Fernando
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Citation style
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