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High School Dropout, Resource Attainment, and Criminal Convictions
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2017 (English)In: Journal of research in crime and delinquency, ISSN 0022-4278, E-ISSN 1552-731X, Vol. 54, no 5, 715-749 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives:

To examine the effect of high school dropout on subsequent criminal convictions and how postdropout resource attainment in terms of education and employment may modify such an effect.

Methods:

Propensity score matching (PSM) using administrative register data covering two full Swedish birth cohorts is employed to assess the effect of dropout on convictions. Event history analysis is used to examine the modifying effect of subsequent resource attainment.

Results:

The PSM analysis reveals an effect of dropout on convictions for men, whereas no evidence of such an effect is found for women. Returning to school after dropout significantly reduces the crime-inducing effect of dropout among men. Finding occupation after dropout also reduces the risk for criminal conviction but does so independently of the effect of dropout.

Conclusion:

Since resource attainment after the dropout event modifies the effect on criminal convictions, it is concluded that policies such as lifelong learning strategies promoting opportunities for a “second chance” may, besides their intended consequences, also have crime preventive side effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 54, no 5, 715-749 p.
Keyword [en]
high school dropout, resource attainment, criminal convictions, propensity score matching, event history analysis
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145569DOI: 10.1177/0022427817697441ISI: 000405037200005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-145569DiVA: diva2:1130412
Available from: 2017-08-09 Created: 2017-08-09 Last updated: 2017-09-15Bibliographically approved

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Bäckman, Olof
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