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Crystallization of mesoporous silica SBA-15 in a high pressure hydrothermal environment
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
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Number of Authors: 5
2017 (English)In: High Pressure Research, ISSN 0895-7959, E-ISSN 1477-2299, Vol. 37, no 3, 345-359 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mesoporous silica SBA-15 (with similar to 6 nm pore size and similar to 6 nm wall thickness) was exposed to a hydrothermal environment at 2 and 5GPa. The p,T quenched products were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis of a sample subjected to 5GPa at room temperature suggests functionalization of both inner and outer pore surface by silanol. Partial transformation to nano-sized (20-50 nm) coesite crystals with nonfaceted morphology was observed during short equilibration times of 2h at 125 degrees C, which is significantly below the melting point of water (similar to 250 degrees C). Untransformed SBA-15 maintained intact pore structure. At 175 degrees C and during 8h, SBA-15 transformed completely into faceted coesite crystals with dimensions 100-300 nm, suggesting Ostwald ripening and thus significant mass transport in the solid water environment. At 2GPa the melting point of water is near 70 degrees C. Partial transformation to nano-sized alpha-quartz was observed at 65 degrees C and during 2h. Untransformed SBA-15 partially pore collapsed. The reduced pore stability of SBA-15 at 2GPa is attributed to the presence of liquid water in the pores due to melting point depression of confined water.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 37, no 3, 345-359 p.
Keyword [en]
SBA-15, high pressure hydrothermal environment, multianvil, piston-cylinder
National Category
Chemical Sciences Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145953DOI: 10.1080/08957959.2017.1346091ISI: 000406278400008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-145953DiVA: diva2:1134726
Available from: 2017-08-21 Created: 2017-08-21 Last updated: 2017-08-21Bibliographically approved

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