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Educational expansion and inequalities in mortality — A fixed-effects analysis using longitudinal data from 18 European populations
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
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2017 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 8, e0182526Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective

The aim of this paper is to empirically evaluate whether widening educational inequalities in mortality are related to the substantive shifts that have occurred in the educational distribution.

Materials and methods

Data on education and mortality from 18 European populations across several decades were collected and harmonized as part of the Demetriq project. Using a fixed-effects approach to account for time trends and national variation in mortality, we formally test whether the magnitude of relative inequalities in mortality by education is associated with the gender and age-group specific proportion of high and low educated respectively.

Results

The results suggest that in populations with larger proportions of high educated and smaller proportions of low educated, the excess mortality among intermediate and low educated is larger, all other things being equal.

Conclusion

We conclude that the widening educational inequalities in mortality being observed in recent decades may in part be attributed to educational expansion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 12, no 8, e0182526
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-146158DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0182526ISI: 000408355800027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-146158DiVA: diva2:1135727
Available from: 2017-08-24 Created: 2017-08-24 Last updated: 2017-09-18Bibliographically approved
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Östergren, OlofLundberg, OlleMartikainen, Pekka
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Citation style
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