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Sediment transport in headwaters of a volcanic catchment-Kamchatka Peninsula case study
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
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Number of Authors: 7
2017 (English)In: Frontiers of Earth Science, ISSN 2095-0195, Vol. 11, no 3, 565-578 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Due to specific environmental conditions, headwater catchments located on volcanic slopes and valleys are characterized by distinctive hydrology and sediment transport patterns. However, lack of sufficient monitoring causes that the governing processes and patterns in these areas are rarely well understood. In this study, spatiotemporal water discharge and sediment transport from upstream sources was investigated in one of the numerous headwater catchments located in the lahar valleys of the Kamchatka Peninsula Sukhaya Elizovskaya River near Avachinskii and Koryakskii volcanoes. Three different subcatchments and corresponding channel types (wandering rivers within lahar valleys, mountain rivers within volcanic slopes and rivers within submountain terrains) were identified in the studied area. Our measurements from different periods of observations between years 2012-2014 showed that the studied catchment was characterized by extreme diurnal fluctuation of water discharges and sediment loads that were influenced by snowmelt patterns and high infiltration rates of the easily erodible lahar deposits. The highest recorded sediment loads were up to 9.10(4) mg/L which was related to an increase of two orders of magnitude within a one day of observations. Additionally, to get a quantitative estimate of the spatial distribution of the eroded material in the volcanic substrates we applied an empirical soil erosion and sediment yield model-modified universal soil loss equation (MUSLE). The modeling results showed that even if the applications of the universal erosion model to different non-agricultural areas (e.g., volcanic catchments) can lead to irrelevant results, the MUSLE model delivered might be acceptable for non-lahar areas of the studied volcanic catchment. Overall the results of our study increase our understanding of the hydrology and associated sediment transport for prediction of risk management within headwater volcanic catchments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 11, no 3, 565-578 p.
Keyword [en]
sediment transport, volcanoes, lahars, Kamchatka Peninsula, MUSLE, erosion
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-145837DOI: 10.1007/s11707-016-0632-xISI: 000405707000012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-145837DiVA: diva2:1135889
Conference
Water and Environmental Sustainability Symposium, Beijing, Peoples Republic of China, October 20, 2015
Available from: 2017-08-24 Created: 2017-08-24 Last updated: 2017-08-24Bibliographically approved

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