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Smoking habits – Associations with personality/behavior, platelet monoamine oxidase activity and plasma thyroid hormone levels
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS). Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 118, 71-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective was to outline results from our scientific studies on the associations among childhood behavior, adult personality, and biochemical factors in smoking habits. The studies consisted of: (1) follow-up of young criminals and controls, subdivided into risk for antisocial behavior groups, based on childhood rating levels of a projective test; and adult smoking habit groups; and (2) a large group of young adults examined on the same inventories. Personality in terms of KSP and EPQ-I scale scores, controlled for intelligence, indicated that the high and very high risk groups displayed significantly higher self-rated impulsiveness, anxiety, and nonconformity, as compared to the low risk group. Further, the very high risk group subjects, found to be overrepresented among subjects with heavy smoking habits, displayed lower mean platelet MAO-B activity and higher thyroid hormone levels than the low risk group. Thus, the higher the childhood risk for antisocial behavior, the clearer the adult personality pattern making subjects more disposed for smoking appeared; and the higher smoking habits, the stronger the relationships with biochemical measures. Results are discussed in terms of possible underlying mechanisms influencing personality and smoking habits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 118, 71-76 p.
Keyword [en]
Personality, Behavior, Platelet MAO-B activity, Plasma thyroid hormones, Cigarette smoking
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychology Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-146642DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.05.022ISI: 000408784700013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-146642DiVA: diva2:1138109
Available from: 2017-09-04 Created: 2017-09-04 Last updated: 2017-09-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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