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Snille efterfrågas! Rockefeller Foundation, forskarpersona och kön vid Stockholms högskola under mellankrigstiden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History.
2017 (Swedish)In: Scandia, ISSN 0036-5483, Vol. 83, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

The article explores the relationship between research funding and the creation of scientific personae (or scientific identities) in the 1920s−1940s.The focus is on the Rockefeller Foundation and its contribution in creating new research areas and disciplines in the social sciences at Stockholm University College. Rockefeller funding aimed at creating academic leaders. Three questions are in focus: What researchers, men and women, were appointed to the prestigious Rockefeller fellowships and research programs? What notions of intellectual talent and expectations of academic performance can be seen in the funding policy? What were the implications of the funding practices in terms of scientific persona and gender? The article develops the argument that institutions, and research financiers such as the Rockefeller Foundation, are important actors in the process of creating scientific persona. It shows that the funding created a self-reinforcing dynamic in which the Foundation paved the way for "their" researchers to compete successfully on existing appointments at universities and higher education institutions and helped to create new positions that a few individuals − mostly men − were given access to. A deep-rooted idea of the scientist or the scholar as a genius, a person with extraordinary mental skills, originality and creativity,was an underlying figure of thought of the research policy. The funding practices strengthened existing gender structures in the academia. Rockefeller funding represented an important form of boundary work for the benefit of men in terms of research practices and family policy. The method is a “thick description” and analysis of sources, mainly in theRockefeller Foundation´s archives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 83, no 1
Keyword [en]
Scientific persona, gender, Sweden, Rockefeller Foundation, 1920s−1940s
Keyword [sv]
Forskarpersona, kön, Sverige, Rockefeller Foundation, 1920-1940-talen
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-146656OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-146656DiVA: diva2:1138279
Projects
Scientific Personae in Cultural Encounters in Twentieth Century Europe
Available from: 2017-09-04 Created: 2017-09-04 Last updated: 2017-11-14

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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