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Structural and dynamic properties of the polyanionic hydrides SrAlGeH and BaAlGeH
Arizona State University, USA.
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2009 (English)In: Solid State Sciences, ISSN 1293-2558, E-ISSN 1873-3085, Vol. 11, no 11, 1847-1853 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The quaternary aluminium hydrides SrAlGeH and BaAlGeH were synthesized from either hydrogenating the intermetallic AlB2-type precursors SrAlGe and BaAlGe or reacting SrH2 with a mixture of Al and Ge in the presence of pressurized hydrogen. Their structures were characterized by X-ray and neutron powder diffraction of the corresponding deuterides. The compounds crystallize with the trigonal SrAlSiH structure type (space group P3m1, Z = 1, a = 4.2435(2) and 4.3450(2) Å, c = 4.9710(3) and 5.2130(4) Å for SrAlGeH and BaAlGeH, respectively) and feature a two-dimensional polyanion [AlGeH]2− which represents a corrugated hexagon layer built from three-bonded Al and Ge atoms. H is terminally attached to Al. Polyanions [AlGeH]2− are electron precise and, according to electronic structure calculations, the quaternary hydrides display band gaps with sizes between 0.7 and 0.8 eV. Infrared and inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy show Al–H stretching and bending mode frequencies at around 1250 and 870 cm−1, respectively. SrAlGeH and BaAlGeH are thermally stable up to at least 500 °C. When exposed to air the hydrides decompose rapidly to amorphous, orange colored materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 11, no 11, 1847-1853 p.
Keyword [en]
Zintl phases, Main group metal hydrides, Superconductors, Semiconductors
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-146831DOI: 10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2009.08.007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-146831DiVA: diva2:1140636
Available from: 2017-09-12 Created: 2017-09-12 Last updated: 2017-09-13Bibliographically approved
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Kranak, Verina F.Häussermann, Ulrich
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