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All-Atom MD Simulation of DNA Condensation Using Ab lnitio Derived Force Field Parameters of Cobalt(III)-Hexammine
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
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Number of Authors: 5
2017 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 121, no 33, 7761-7770 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is well established that the presence of the trivalent cobalt(III)-hexammine cation (CoHex(3+)) at submillimolar concentrations leads to bundling (condensation) of double stranded DNA molecules, which is caused by DNA DNA attraction induced by the multivalent counterions. However, the detailed mechanism of this process is still not fully understood. Furthermore, in all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, spontaneous aggregation of several DNA oligonucleotides in the presence of CoHex(3+) has previously not been, demonstrated. In order to obtain a rigorous description of CoHex(3+)-nucleic acid interactions and CoHex(3+)-induced DNA condensation to be used in MD siniulations, we have derived optimized force field parameters of the CoHex(3+) ion. They were obtained from Car Parrinello molecular dynamics simulation of a single CoHex3+ ion in the presence of 126 water molecules. The new set,of force field parameters reproduces the experimentally known transition of DNA from B- to A-form; and qualitatively describes changes of DNA and RNA persistence lengths. We then carried out a 2 mu s long atomistic simulation of four DNA oligomers each consisting of 36 base pairs in the presence of CoHex(3+). We demonstrate that, in this system, DNA molecules display attractive interactions and aggregate into bundle-like structures. This behavior depends critically on the details of the CoHex(3+) interaction with DNA. A control simulation with a similar setup but in the presence of Mg2+ does not induce DNA DNA attraction, which is also in agreement with experiment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 121, no 33, 7761-7770 p.
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Chemical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-147056DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b03793ISI: 000408598300003PubMedID: 28746805OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-147056DiVA: diva2:1142688
Available from: 2017-09-20 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2017-09-20Bibliographically approved

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